Here is a select set of teaching resources and guidance on how to use virtual labs for teaching Chemistry. Virtual labs let you and your students engage in science, learning Chemistry through active participation rather than passive observation.
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|Name||General Chemistry Virtual Labs, Simulations, Animations by Dr. Tom Greenbowe|
|Overview||Animations, simulations, and virtual experiments in electrochemistry, gas laws, thermochemistry, acid-base, equilibria, stoichiometry, kinetics, bonding, electronegativity. For more information see MERLOT Material Description for General Chemistry Virtual Labs, Simulations, Animations by Dr. Tom Greenbowe.|
|Grade Levels||Elementary school, Middle school, High school – depending on which topic you choose and how you use it.|
|Recommended Lesson Plans||See Tom Greenbowe's website for lesson plans for some topics|
|Other Lesson Plans||All MERLOT Learning Exercises for General Chemistry Virtual Labs|
|Engaging Students where English is a Second Language||Atomic level animations of chemical processes, virtual experiments allow for "mistakes" without the danger. There is graphical support included in the text to make it more usable for English Learners.|
|Applicable CA Standards||5.1.i: Students know common properties of salts, such as sodium chloride.
8.5.c: Students know chemical reactions usually liberate heat or absorb heat.
8.5.e: Students know how to determine whether a solution is acidic, basic, or neutral.
1.c Students know how to use the periodic table to identify trends in ionization energy, electronegativity.
2.c: Students know salt crystals, such as NaCl, are repeating patterns of positive and negative ions held together by electrostatic attraction.
2.d: Students know the atoms and molecules in liquids move in a random pattern relative to one another because the intermolecular forces are too weak to hold the atoms or molecules in a solid form.
3.g: Students know how to identify reactions that involve oxidation and reduction and how to balance oxidation-reduction reactions.
4: Gases and their properties.
5.d: Students know buffers stabilize pH in acid-base reactions.
6.b: Students know how to describe the dissolving process at the molecular level by using the concept of random molecular motion.
7.b: Students know chemical processes can either release (exothermic) or absorb (endothermic) thermal energy.
7.d: Students know how to solve problems involving heat flow and temperature changes, using known values of specific heat and latent heat of phase change.
8: Reaction Rates
9: Chemical Equilibrium
|How to Use this Lab||A number of the labs have some teaching tips and step by step guidelines.|
|Get Expert Advice|
|Comments from Fellow Teachers||MERLOT Comments for General Chemistry Virtual Labs, Simulations, Animations by Dr. Tom Greenbowe.|
|Add Your Comments and Rate It||Use the “Write a comment” link on the right hand side of the MERLOT Material Description for General Chemistry Virtual Labs, Simulations, Animations by Dr. Tom Greenbowe.|
|Add Your Lesson Plans to the Collection||Use the “Create a learning exercise” link on the right hand side of the MERLOT Material Description for General Chemistry Virtual Labs, Simulations, Animations by Dr. Tom Greenbowe.|
ChemEd Digital Library Provided by the American Chemical Society (ACS) and the Journal of Chemical Education (JCE) The ChemEd DLib collaboration will include collections of the JCE DLib and the ACS Education Division. An innovative element of the project will use tables of contents of textbooks to locate resources. ChemEd DLib will create new communities centered around different educational levels (such as high school, undergraduate), provide resources in different sub-disciplines of Chemistry (such as physical), and different pedagogical areas (such as problem-based learning). Other project partners include the University of Wisconsin at Madison (JCE) and Carnegie-Mellon University (Chem-Collective project).
Pathway to Multimedia Resources for the Classroom Provided by Teachers' Domain at WGBH Teachers' Domain offers multimedia resources incorporating sound educational practices and provides teachers with media-rich resources that go beyond static textbook presentations. Classroom-ready resources include video clips, interactive activities, and images from educational public television shows such as NOVA, ZOOM, and A Science Odyssey. Curricula are aligned and referenced online to state standards in Science content. Registration is required.
Middle School Portal Provided by Digital Library Projects at The Ohio State University The NSDL Middle School Portal provides access to selected online resources for instruction and professional development from the National Science Digital Library. Subject pathways in Mathematics, Science, and Technology present topic lists that take an in-depth look at teachable concepts in Science, Math, or Technology. Features include lively text and graphics along with background for teachers, interactive online activities, data analyses, and links to related topics.
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