Research and Reports


This page houses research reports, research summaries, policy and advocacy documents, and current perspectives that address the college and career readiness framework that guides curriculum, instruction and assessment in Linked Learning programs.  Contents include evidence of Linked Learning’s impact in schools, studies in the foundations of Linked Learning, reports on promising practices in Linked Learning educator preparation and more.



Handbook for Linked Learning Clinical Teacher Preparation


Marquita Grenot-Scheyer

Jared R. Stallones

California State University Long Beach

January 2016


This Handbook is the collective work of many dedicated people who have been in the forefront of Linked Learning implementation in the schools and its articulation with higher education.  It serves as a guide for schools and universities who seek to collaborate on Linked Learning projects by preparing both pre-service and in-service teachers for work in Linked Learning settings, those seeking to develop deeper school-university partnerships, and those blending Linked Learning and the new state standards.


Expanding Access, Creating Options: How Linked Learning Pathways Can Mitigate Barriers to College and Career Access in Schools and Districts


The Education Trust-West

March 2013


This study, conducted over two years, highlights the connection between quality implementation of Linked Learning and equity and college and career access. The key findings in this report reinforce the need for consistency in the non-negotiable elements of Linked Learning as districts strive to take this approach to scale.


Linked Learning Dissertations


Several CSU Ed.D. have schools that integrates academics with career-based learning and Linked Learning reforms.  In these studies, significant effects were demonstrated on the high shcool experiences of African American youth in Long Beach, on urban youth in four high schools in the San Francisco East Bay region, on reforms in counseling and related effects on counseling services and post-secondary plans of students, and on high school opportunities and outcomes among special needs students.


The dissertations include the following:


Examining Students with Disabilities in a Linked Learning Pathway


Renee L. Polk

California State University Dominguez Hills

August 2015


This study focused on examining the test scores of students with disabilities in Linked Learning Pathways to see whether participating in an academic sequence combined with career technical education leads to better college preparedness.  This research found limited but promising evidence that Linked Learning students with disabilities outperformed their peers with disabilities who are not enrolled in Linked Learning on the CAHSEE exam.


A Comparative Study of the Impact of Linked Learning on Three Urban HIgh Schools


Wendell Carlton Greer Jr.

California State University East Bay

June 2015


This study examines the impact of Linked Learning's Pathways on the three variables:

a) student engagement; b) school success; and c) academic achievement of students in the three comprehensive high schools in an urban school district in the Bay Area.  This study found evidence that pathways may be more likely to engage students so that they are motivated to remain in school.


Linked Learning and African American Student Engagement: A Case Study


Felicia Anderson

California State University Long Beach

May 2014


In her dissertation Dr. Anderson studied the impact of Linked Learning pathways on African American students’ level of engagement in school.  This study found five themes which weaved a picture of a supportive environment that promotes greater student satisfaction and enhances engagement.


The Role of Counselor in a Linked Learning Environment


Roberta Clarke

California State University Long Beach

May 2014


In her dissertation Dr. Clarke studied the role of the school counselor in Linked Learning pathways.  This interview study found that counselors in a Linked Learning environment hold and collectively maintain a culture of high expectations and support for all students by serving as advocates, utilizing school guidance curriculum, and providing direct services.


The Linked Leader: Principal Perception of Leadership in Linked Learning Pathways


Chandalee Wood

California State University Long Beach

May 2015


This study attempted to inform school districts, current and future LLP principals, and community partners of the perceptions of current high school principals' on school site leadership roles, responsibilities, and the impact of implementing and sustaining LLP on their leadership approach.  While approaching the transformation and sustainability through this lens, the principals indicated three main roles critical to CLLP success: community-bridge, risk-taker, and supporter.


A Case Study of Common Core Implementation in a Linked Learning Environment


Erin Broun Biolchino

California State University Long Beach

August 2015


The purpose of this case study is to examine the intersection between Linked Learning and the Common Core State Standards.  The SRI fifth-year report sheds light on the need for Linked Learning districts and schools to carefully design their professional development for teachers so that a cohesive message that integrates both Linked Learning and Common Core is communicated.


Reforming Teacher Preparation for Twenty-First Century Students: A Mixed Methods Study


Sheila Maureen Krotz

San Diego State University

March 2015


The question that guided this research is whether or not preservice teachers who obtain a credential through the Linked Learning Lens Single Subject Credential Program are better prepared to meet the needs of the twenty-first century student.  Findings showed that preservice teachers candidates prepared in Linked Learning Lens Credential Program appear to have the skills and knowledge to teach in a Linked Learning environment, and they are also better prepared to bring twenty-first century skills into their classrooms, preparing students for the world of college and career.




Linked Learning: Evidence of Effectiveness



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